The MiG-23 became an essential Warsaw Pact combat asset during the last two decades of the Cold War, but it wasn’t without its issues, as Guy Holroyd explains…


The unusually modern weapons load on this aircraft pinpoints it as the MiG-23-98 demonstrator (a modified MLD), which did the rounds at defence shows in the late 1990s. AA-12 Adder missiles sit under the wing gloves, while AA-11 Archers populate the forward under-fuselage rails.
While undoubtedly posed for the propaganda photographer, this excellent period view of a Soviet MiG-23M Flogger-B demonstrates the type’s maximum wing sweep. (All Key Collection unless stated)

Angolan MiG-23ML ‘C454’

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